Open Science offers new opportunities in dealing with scientific knowledge and represents a kind of cultural change. Through transparency and openness, Open Science increases the use and further development of knowledge as well as the potential for collaboration and the credibility of science. The focus is on free access to scientific processes and findings for everyone via the internet and the right to re-use this content. The beneficiaries of this concept are not only science, but also society and the economy.
Open Science is realised through various strategies and procedures, such as free access to scientific publications (Open Access), computer programmes (Open Source Software), data (Open Data) and educational materials (Open Educational Resources).
Duration: 3:50 mins
Content: This video explains in less than four minutes the idea and advantages of open science. You learn about the 4 Rs and what the word “open” in open science stands for: open access, open data, open methods.
SHB (2019). Open Science: what, how & why?
Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
- “Open science is a policy priority for the European Commission and the standard method of working under its research and innovation funding as it improves the quality, efficiency and responsiveness of research.” This statement and more information about the EU’s view on Open Science can be found at the EU’s Open Science platform.
- Since 2019, the FWF has had an Open Access Policy that applies to both peer-reviewed publications and research data.
- This graphic shows the different terms behind Open Science. Knoth, Petr; Pontika, Nancy (2015): Open Science Taxonomy. figshare. Figure. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1508606.v3
- In Austria, a national Open Science policy has been in place since February 2022.
FAIR Data Austria (2021). “Open Science“. In: Research Data Management Open Educational Resources Collection. (https://fair-office.at/index.php/offene-wissenschaft/?lang=en).